Influence of Yeast (Saccharomyces cereivisiae) by foliar application , seed soaking and soil treatment of soil on growth of Petroselinum hortense.

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 13-21

The experiment was conducted to study the effect of yeast( Saccharomyces cereivisiae) by foliar application , soaking of seeds in two concentrations of 5 ,10 g m / L and treatment of soil with two concentrations 2,4 g m/kg soil on growth of Petroselinum hortense .The results showed that all the application used increased percentages of germination , germination. Acclerator , promotor indicater , plant hieght , branches number , leaves number , roots diameter, chlorophyll content , absolute growth and vitamin C concentration in plant .

Effect of phospholipase extracted from Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus candidus on body weight of male mice

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 22-28

The present study investigated the effect of phospholipase extracted from Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus candidus on body weight of male mice by two stages of daily intrapretoneal injection with crude phospholipase, phospholipase precipitation with ammonium sulfate, and phospholipase with dialysis. The first stage was 7 days, while the second stage was for 14 days. The results showed that the treatment of male mice with 0.05 ml/day/animal of phospholipase caused the reduction of body weight reached for a significant level (P>0.05) with continue of injection, too the results indicated the effect of phospholipase was more in the dialysis phospholipase compared with other forms. The results showed that the effect phospholipase extracted from Aspergillus flavus was more than the effect of phospholipase extracted from Aspergillus candidus.

Effect of low temperature on Tropane Production in vitro and in vivo of Datura metel Mill

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 29-38

This work was conducted to determine the effect of low temperature of qualitatively and quantitavely of tropane alkaloids ( Hyosciamine and Hyoscine) in leaves of Datura metel and in leaves callus induced from leaves by using MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D at concentration of 2 mg/L. The effect of low temperature(10±1,5±1) on alkaloids production in callus tissues .The alkaloids content between callus and leaves of stock plant comparing was studied too. This study include continuous alcohol extraction by ethanol (80%) of leaves and by ethanol and ether at ratio 4:1(v/v) for callus extraction. Detection of tropane alkaloids were accomplished by Dragendorff and Myer tests and the content alkaloids were done by HPLC ( high performance liquid chromatography. The result revealed that the increased of and with domination of hyosciamine content on Hyoscine content. Also, the result Hyosciamine and Hyoscine content in callus of Datura metel with increase of low temperatures indicate that decreases of callus fresh and dry weight with the decreasing temperatures.

Ability of Proteus mirabilis Isolated from Different Sources to Adhere on Uroepithelial Cells.

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 39-46

Fourty-nine isolates of Proteus mirabilis (30 isolates from urinary tract infection , 9 isolates from dirrhoeal infection in children , 8 isolates from otitis media and 2 isolates from bacteriemia cases) were screened for their abilities to adhere on uroepithelial cells and tested their abilities to agglutinate with the R.B.Cs of human blood groups A+,B+,AB+ and O+ . The study has confirmed the ability of this bacterium to adhere on uroepithelial cells,also the results of statistical analysis showed that is no any differences in the ability of bacterial isolates to adhere on uroepithelial cells even they isolated from different sources , also the results confirmed that this bacterium has mannose resistant pilli(MRP),uroepithelial cells adhesin(UCA)and Proteus mirabilis fimbriae (PMF),all these results refer to the role of adherence in opportunistic pathogenecity of this bacterium and its ability to cause different infections.

THE EFFECT OF GERMINATION ON PROTEINE AND AMINO ACIDS CONTENTS OF THREE BARLEY CULTIVARS

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 46-51

The effect of seed germination on protein and amino acids contents of three barley cultivars Kadysia, Radwanyia, and Numar was studied. Results showed that the germination under continous light for 84 hours or in darkness for 120 hours increased the protein content and amino acids especially essential amino acids.
Protein content and essential amino acids were higher in the dark germinated than in the light greminated seeds.

Biodegredation of hydrocarbon compounds by fungi

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 52-59

The effects of the Biodegedation for oil waste water in the refinery of Al-Dura was studied by many isolate obtained from samples of soil contaminated with oil and its derivatives, implanted into the Media of PDA (Potato Dextrose Agar) and MEA (Malt Extract Agar) results showed clear growth for each of the Penicilium sp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium sp., Absidia sp., Rhodotorulla sp. and Candida kefyr.

And studied the feasibility of these isolates to grow in the media of Mineral Salt Medium and using the base oil by 1% taken from the refinery in Al-Dura as a source of carbon have been studying the growth of fungi on the media of oil residues, which collects the discards from all sections of the refinery at a temperature of 25o was studied and appeared the ability of fungi on the consumption of oil residue was Penicilium sp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger that has grown very well while fungi that has grown weak was Cladosporium sp., Absidia sp., Rhodotorulla sp. and Candida kefyr.

Taking the isolates of fungi developing on the media of waste oil at temperature of 25o after 40 days transplantation in the media of SDA (Sabroud Dextrose Agar) clear growth of these fungi, this shows the continued consumption of fungi to showed hydrocarbon compounds.

Pharmacological effects of Acetaminophen therapy on Genetic motrid in mouse bona morrow

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 60-69

The uses of Acetaminophen is worldwide as pain killer and antipyretic properties on human body .But when there is misuse of that drug will result in negative adverse effects on different organs of body such as kidny and pancrease .This study throug uses of cytogenetic tests ( Chromosomal changes and miotic index ) in mouse bone morrow. Use two doses of Acetaminophen drug (25 mg/ kg , 250mg/ kg) twise daily and after ingected during period ( 24,72,96 hr) it shows the following results:
1-suppresion in miotic index in cells of bone morrow and suppresion show more with incrase the concentration of drug .
2- increasing in Chromosomal abbration show more with incrase the concentration of drug .

Effect of proline acid and Sodium Chloride in nutrition status of wheat plant Triticum aestivum L) .)

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 70-80

Pots experiment was conducted in the green house of the Department of Biology, College of Education (Ibn Al – haithum), University of Baghdad during the growing season of 2008 – 2009 . The experiment aimed to study the effect of the increasing concentration of both Proline acid (zero ,10,20,30)PPm and Sodium Chloride (zero,50,100,150) mM /L in some physiological characteristics , such as the contents of Nitrogen, Phosphorus , Potassium , Protein percentage , total chlorophyll content and proline acid content .
The experiment was designed as Completely Randomized Design (CRD) by three replicates (3x4x4) consisting 48 pots. Results indicated that , the increase of Sodium Chloride concentrations from 0 to 150 mM/L caused significant decrease in the average of studied physiological characteristics . Treatments with proline acid indicated significant increase in the average of physiological characteristics .
Interactions for both factors indicated that, foliar application of proline acid counteracted the adverse effects of high concentration of Sodium Chloride for studied physiological characteristics .

Assess the quality and quantity of Suspended Dust and its role in air pollution of desert cities (Applied study).

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 81-92

The present study aims to determine the content of air in one of desert city in southern of Libya (Sabha City) particles stuck where increasing the seriousness of such particles if they contain heavy metals and chemicals that are easily absorbed or inhaled and thus enter the tissues and body fluids, vital, such as particle diameter of less than 1 micrometer and is the most harm (1 mm = 1000 micrometers). Where the estimation of airborne dust in the atmosphere of the city during the summer and winter ,after dividing the city into five sectors , a sector north – the southern sector – the eastern sector – the western sector – the sector central and was in the summer, respectively,0.5, 0.3, 0.6, 0.6,0.5. However, during the winter rates were respectively 0.3, 0.2, 0.4, 0.3, 0.3 kg / m 2 to study the nature and the virtual particles showed that there is a difference between the form of molecules in the summer and winter from the pool area and particle number and size. Measure the diameter of the smallest particles in the winter were between (0.01 - 2) microns, but in the summer were between (0.001 - 2) microns. As for diameter, the biggest particles in the Chapter winter were between (3-8) microns, either in the summer was between (5-20) microns.
Results of chemical analysis that all the samples tested from these samples have contained different concentrations of the heavy elements that were uncovered (Iron - Nickel - lead-zinc - Chromium - Cadmium - Copper - Cobalt) and the rates generally reached in the summer 2.1292, 0.0266, 0.3132, 0.285, 0.1542, 0.0994, 0.0525, and 0.0418 ppm, either in the winter were concentrations 0.6296, 0.021, 0.242, 0.1456, 0.0624, 0.0292, nd, 0.0334 ppm respectively.

Inhibition activity of alfalfa plant extracts against microbial isolates for used to food preservation

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 93-100

The study include Prepare the watery and alcoholic extracts for alfalfa (Medicago sativa) by different concentration about (125-300) mg/ml. The qualitative chemical test of the active group in the watery and alcoholic extracts, the watery extract content most active group (Flavones, Saponins, Glycosides. Phenols, Steroids, Terpenes, Resins) except the Coumarines and alkaloids, but the alcoholic extract discontent only the Coumarines. Content of both extract were differences in quality and quantity. The inhibition activity of tow extract tested in the microorganism isolated which include the negative gram bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus spp. and positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and the mold , fungi include Pencillium spp, Aspergillus niger, Asp. flavus. The two extract showed different inhibition activity, the best inhibition concentration in the bacteria and fungi by the water and alcoholic extracts in 250mg/ml. The ground meat samples treatment with alcoholic extract of alfalfa in different incubation period (3, 7, 10, 14) days at (4) C° comparison the without extract treatment (control), showed highly inhibition activity in the alcoholic extract against the bacteria and fungi isolate in the concentration 200 mg/ml.

Remove Body Smell By Alum

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 101-105

This study included 50 swabs were from the skin of patients mean were suffering from the smell of non-acceptable in the body and these swabs included 25 swabs from the area under the armpit and 25 swabs from the soles of the feet and cultivated these swabs on the media of Sabroud Dextrose Agar and incubated at a temperature 25o and after 3 days showed clear growth of the yeast Candida albicans.

Inhibitor have been studying the effect of alum (potassium salt sulehate - aluminum) on the growth of isolates of Candida albicans. It was found the lower constration against yeast isolated from the area under the armpit 350 mg / ml
and found the lower constration against yeast isolated from the soles of the feet 250 mg / ml .

also studying the effect of aqueous extract of cactus plant on the growth of the yeast Candida albicans. It was found that the water extract of the cactus plant has no effect on yeast Candida albicans. Both isolated from the area under the armpit or the soles of the feet.

And also been studying the effect of Nystatin on the growth of the yeast Candida albicans. It was found that the lower inhibitor constration against the yeast Candida albicans. Isolated from the area under the armpit 150 /ml.
As for the yeast isolated from the soles of the feet was 100 /ml.

Use pollen load size as indicators to study pollination efficiency for some species of bees(Apoidea)that pollinated alfalfa crop in Babylon

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 106-115

In this study, five fields of Alfalfa Medicago sativa were selected from certain region in Babylon governorate during flowering period , May to October. ten species selected from pollinators diagnostic in previous study which belong to super family Apoidea,there are: Nomia sp2.(near to N. nortoni) , Nomia melanderi , Halictus ligatus , Lasioglossum pilosus , Nomioides vareigata , Homalictus sp.1(near to H. rowlandi) (Halictidae) , Megachile rotundata , Megachile sp.2(near to M.latimanus) , Megachile sp.4 (near to M. texana)(Megachilidae) , Apis mellifera (Apidae).The ten selected pollinators were compared according to the average of pollen load, the percentage of Alfalfa pollen grain in the pollen load. the results showed that six species pollinators within the ten selected species of Apoidea were significantly more active in the efficiency factors , these were Nomia sp2. , Nomia melanderi , (Halictidae) , Megachile rotundata , Megachile sp.2 , Megachile sp.4 (Megachilidae) , Apis mellifera (Apidae). The females of M.rotundata was significantly more efficient in pollen grain collection , the average number of pollen grain reached to (49750) followed by females of , Megachile sp.2 , Megachile sp.4 , Nomia melanderi (34300 , 32600, 31550) pollen grain respectively . While males collected good numbers of pollen grain, which seems they were importance in the pollination of Alfalfa flowers .The selected pollinators varied in average number of pollen grain in various months . However, it was found that the pollen load of each species was high during July and August compared with other month, the pollen load collected by of females M.rotundata was highest significantly compared with another species. On the other hand, the highest average percentage of Alfalfa pollen grains was reached to 91.5% by females of M.rotundata followed by Nomia melanderi reached to be 85.7% , while the lowest percentage was 62.6% by Nomia sp2.The average percentage of Alfalfa pollen grain within pollen load was different significantly in each month of the study period. However, it was found that the percentage of Alfalfa pollen grain was high during July and August compared with the other months . The highest percentage of Alfalfa pollen grain was reached to (100 %) in July by M.rotundata and Nomia melanderi and was reached to (100 , 94.1%) in August also by the two species respectively . thereupon, it seems clearly that these six species of Apoidea were appeared to be specialization for Alfalfa crop pollination.

Histological Study of feather buds in local chick embryos skin at ten days age by used of differentiation stains

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 117-122

This study was investigated in each lab of histological preparations of Artistry Medical institute / Kufa and Al-Sadr hospital in Najaf. The period of histological study is four months from 10/9/2009 to 10/1/2010, twenty five eggs of native chicken were collected,and used natural incubation was. after ten days, Four eggs were hatched for Samples of embryos skin’s were removed and subjected to histological procedures,used three method of stain: Harris Haematoxylin – Eosin , PeriodicAcid-SchiffandVerhoeff-Van Gieson The results of present histological study demonstrate that the skin of tenth days stage differentiated to tow layers: Upper layer is epidermis, which arranged in two rows of cells, the outer row is the periderm and the inner row is the basal layer which thickened and increase its cells in pterylae to form feather buds. The lower layer is dermis which formed from loose mesenchymal tissue, it contains mesenchymal cells and fibers. In this embryonic stage , the dermal condensation can be seen under feather buds, in addition to distribution of large number of anterior- posterior orientation long feather buds where their bases begin to sink creating a circular moat. “Moat” becomes feather follicles. Epidermis of which forms ingrowing thickenings where barbs ridges start to form.

Effect of Aquatic&Alcohol extracts of Sesbani sesbania plant leaf on growth of many fungi Isolated of some matrial Food of Market

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 123-133

This study aimed to investigate the Biological activity of Aquatic&Alcohol extracts of Sesbani sesbania plant leaf on growth of many fungi Isolated of some matrial Food was (Riceseed,nutes,noodle,macaroni),The resutes showed to of Isolated many Fungi of this matrial comorise (Penicillium spp,A.niger , A .Flavus,Rhizioctonia) on the other hand ,the type of extracts most effect on the rat of contamination that fungi was Isolated .The alcohol extracts was excel indecrease of rate of contamination treached to 26.5%but it increase in Aquatic extracts cold 39.1%.Inaddation that ,the resutes showed to excel the concentration 70% ,it decrease rate of contamination that Fungi to 6% .While the concentration 50% came in second stage was decrease rate of contamination that fungi to 13.3% ,compare with the control group it reached to 90% .On the other hand, the Fungi divergence in sensitive type of extracts. The alcohol extracts, most effect to decrease rate of contamination that fungi to compare with Aquatic extracts cold .The funges A.niger was most sensitive it decrease rate of contamination that Funges to 22.75%,22.5)% in Aquatic extracts cold&Alcohol extractsrepectivly . )

Effect of different concentrations of Sodium and Calcium in the medium of growth of Wheat and Corn plants .

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 134-140

An experiment was conducted in Petri dishes to investigate effects of Na2SO4 and CaSO4 in germination percentage and speed ratio of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. var. Iba ) and Corn ( Zea mays L. var. Rabbi ) seeds and some growth parameters of both species seedlings , in Education College for girls Labs . Results showed that there was a decrease in germination percentage and speed ratio and their growth of both species which grown in sodium content medium , also the results showed an increase in germination percentage and speed ratio of both species seeds which grown in calcium content medium , especially at 5 mM concentration ( in present of 70 mM of sodium sulphate ) which gave the highest increase ratio . Results also showed significant increase in seedlings growth parameters by the ratios of ( 92% , 100%, 100 % ) and ( 68%, 63%, 92% ) compared to control , in the average of shoot and root lengths and leaf area of Wheat and Corn seedlings respectively , which indicates the ability of Calcium utilisation to reduce sodium injuries in the affected saline media .

Study of histopathological changes for infected appendices and non-infected by parasites in Thi-Qar governorate

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 141-154

The appendices samples collected after appendectomy for patients in Al-Hussein teaching hospital in Thi-Qar governorate. The present study discovered the existence of number of histopathological changes after histological examining of 20 appendices (10 infected parasites and 10 non infected parasites) and it was lymphoid follicular hyperplasia , cavitation of lymphatic follicles , mucosal glandular hyperplasia , liquefactive necrosis of lymphatic follicles , necrosis of mucosa and submucosa layer , mucosal erosion , edema formation in submucosa layer , intensim transmural acute inflammatory cell infiltration , inflammatory cell infiltrations , Fibroblastic proliferation and atrophy of mucosa layer .

Effect of alcoholic extract of Salix acmophylla bark on some hematological and biochemical parameters in female rats

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 160-174

The present study aimed to some of hematological and biochemical parameters in the female alnbino rats of exposing to different concentration of ethanolic extract of Salix acmophylla.Thus (30) animals of mature female rats were divided into six groups, the rats were proven fertile after checking their estrus cycle through daily raginal smearing for two cycles, the represented control group which intraperitonial injection with physiological solution (0.9 %/ Nacl), the first represented (G1) which injected with ethanolic extract concentration (0.85 mg/ kg) of the body weight, the second represented (G2) which injected with ethanolic extract concentration (1.7 mg/ kg) of the body weight , The third represented (G3) which injected with ethanolic extract concentration (3.4 mg/ kg), the four represented (G4) which injected with concentration (6.8 mg / kg) of the body weight, and the five concentration (13.6 mg / kg) of the body weight.After finishing the period of the experiment. Samples of blood were collected to determine some hematological and biochemical parameters ,hematological parameters which included the haemoglobin concentration (Hb), packed cells volume (P. C. V. ), total and differential white blood cells (W.B.C.) w biochemical parameters included measurement of the total protein concentration, triglyceride (TG), concentration of the high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ,The increasing concentration of alcoholic extract resulted to :
1- Significant decrease (p<0.05) of Hb concentration and packed cells volume (PCV).
2- Significant decrease (p<0.05) of total WBC count, neutrophils and monocytes count, besides significant increase (p<0.05) of Lymphocytes, and eosinophil count.
3- Significant decrease (p<0.05) of serum total protein, significant increase (p<0.05) of cholesterol concentration , Triglyceride, and HDL-C, LDL-C in serum of the high concentration of alcoholic extract.

Anatomy lemma and palea for some species of Eragrostideae staph tribe of Gramineae(poaceae) family in Iraq

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 175-191

The tribe Eragrostideae Stapf regards of importance tribes that belong to Gramineae family. For this reason , this research has been conducted to study this tribe which include five genera (c.e. Dactyloctenium Willd , Desmostachya Stapf , Dinebra Jacq , Diplachne P. Beauv. and Eragrostis P. Beauv.) has been comparative systematically and anatomically studied. One species of the four former genera and two species of the latter genus were included in the present research .
Also the study involving anatomical characters for the lemmas and pleas for the studied genera .
Refernces
1. Al- Bermani, A.K. (1991). Taxonomic, cytogenetic and Breeding Relation ships of Festuca rubra sensu Lato. Ph.D. the sis, Univ. of Leicestar .
2. Al- Bermani, A.K. (1996). Systematic studies in the fenus Aleuropus in (poaceae). Mu'tah . Res. Stud. 11 p. (No. ) .
3. Al- Bermani, A. K. (1997). Epidermal characteristics of the leaves, lemma and paleas in the tribe Brachypodieae. Harz (Poaceae), J. of Babylon University.
4. Al- Husaini, E. (1999). Taxonomical and Cytological studies of the Genus Bromus L. (Gramineae) in Iraq .
5. Clarke, C.A. and Gould, F. W. (1975). Some epidermal characteristics of paleas of Dichanthelium , Panicums and Echinochla Amer. J. Bot. , 62: p. 743-748.
6. Gould, F.W. and show , R. B. (1983) Grass systmatics. College station .Tesas A and M . university press, 3,7pp.
7. Hsu, C.C. (1965). The classification of Panicum (Gramineae) and allies. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Takyo. Sec. III, 9: p.p.43-15.
8. Paunero, E.(1969). Una nueva especial de Micro pymum (Gramineae). V. Simposio de flora Europaea. Sevilla, p. 231-234.
9. Shaw, R.B. and Smeins, F.E.(1979). Epidermal characteristics of the Callusin Eriochloa (Poaceae) Amer. J. Bot., 66: p. 907-913.
10. Shaw, R.B. and Smeins, F.E.(1981). Some anatomical and morphological characteristics of the north American species of Eriochloa (Poaceae; paniceae). Bot. Gaz., 148:p. 534-544.
11. Terrell, E.E. and Wergin, W.P. (1981). Epidermal features and silica deposition in lemma and awn of Zizania (Gramineae). Amer. J. Bot., 68(5): p. 697-707.
12. Thompson & Estes. (1986).Tzvelev, N.N.(1989). The system of grassers (Poaceae) and their evolution . Bot. Rev. 955(3) : p. 141-204.
13. Wilkinson, M.J.(1986). Taxonomy of Festuca ovina L.S.1 (Poaceae) ph.D. Thesis, University Press. Boulder, Colorado.

Antioxidant activity, Total phenolic content of Curcuma longa extracts from various extraction processes

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 192-199

Ultrasonic, hot water, ethanol and hexane used as solvents for prepare the curcuma longa fruit extracts (Ultrasonic, hot water, ethanol and oily) respectively and the extracts evaporate and driede. Evaluation the qualitative chemical test of the active groups was carried. The results was noticed contain the major active groups (Tannins, Flavones, Phenols, Terpenoids, Saponins). The extracts were quantitatively and qualitatively different in their active groups. Tannic acid was further analyzed to determine their total phenolic content by Folin- Ciocalteau method. The alcoholic extract was found to have highest percent of total phenolic content, The antioxidant activity of curcuma longa extracts were tested through detected peroxide, free fatty acid and total nitrogen values methods, the four extracts along with the reference samples, tannic acid were further analysized to determine their total phenolic content by Folin-Chocalteau method. noticed antioxidant activity at different percent, The ethanol extract of the curcumin fruits was giving highly significant antioxidant activity (P≤0.05), The peroxide number of the with ethanolic extract 0.5% about 11.6 milliequivalent of O2/Kg and the total nitrogen quantity 7.03 milligram nitrogen/ 100g, The percent of free fatty acid 4.3%, in comparison to the positive control (without extract) and reached 37 milliequivalent of O2/Kg, 27 milligram nitrogen /100g and 40%, respectively. The antioxidant activity result of hot water extract and ultrasonic extracts from curcumin plants were approach one another, while the oil extract showed the lowest activity. and the significant difference in antioxidant activity among the extracts were found to be due to the polarity of the solvents used for extraction as curcuma longa fruit contains relatively larger quantity of non-polar antioxidant compounds.

The allelopathic effect of Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) crabgrass and its decomposed residues on bladygrass (Imperata cylindrical) germination and seedling growth

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 200-207

Greenhouse and laboratory experiments were conducted at the Mustansiria University in 2010 to investigate the possible allelopathic potential of Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) crabgrass and its decomposed residues on bladygrass (Imperata cylindrical)
A noxious weed in Iraq, to the seed germination and seedling growth the research showed that the decomposed of root plant and root exudates that they have escaped to the associated soil of crabgrass have higher inhibition to the seed germination and seedling growth of bladygrass plant. Than the un decomposed ,treatment, ,phenolic, ,steroid,tanin,coumarin,and essensial oil were detected in decomposed and un decomposed treatments of crabgrass,terpenes it is fond in un decomposed treatments and not found in decomposed treatments, and glycoside found in un decomposed treatments and not found in decomposed treatments.

Study of extracted grape seed (OpC) on enzymatic changes in laboratory animals

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 208-215

Plants contain medicianl antioxidants compounds that are used to protect cells from damage , or infect the merger during the oxidation processes . The compound of flovonaid is a composite of the vehicles ant-oxidants that have been studied in this research work within the structure of anti cancer and oxidation are the seeds of grapes , Containing components of the composition ( combination ) of 250mg of water extract of grapeseed. Been diagnosed by vehicles by (UV.Vis.) to determine wave length for each compound for the purpose of examination and analysis by HPLC to determine the components of medicinal plants, consisting of a combination of drugs.
The effect of three different concentration of this composition ( combination) are
( 1, 5, 25 mg / 0.1 ml ) to the effectiveness of liver enzymes (GST, ALP ,GPT, GOT) through the dosage by mouth to laboratory mouse over a period of 3 weeks.
Results signal that there was significant difference (p< 0.05 )to concentration of water Extracts of plant , combination drug on the effectiveness of the quality of liver enzymes indicate that they are free from any toxic effects dose used compared to control animals .

Study of some Physical and Chemical Properties for Ibn Najim Marsh – Al Najaf Al-Ashraf

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 216-235

In this study, calculated the measurement the of physical and chemical factors for water. The collection of samples were monthly for period from January to December 2009 .The study aims assay water quality an in Ibn Najim marsh . A selection of (7) stations has been made. These are (Al-Haidari, Abu gharab, Omul-Oyoon , Al-Ghazali ,Alteil, Abu Hallan and Al-Hammam).
Temperature , pH values, Electrical connectivity ,Salinity , TDS , TSS , Dissolved oxygen , Alkalinity , and Turbidity of water in all stations ranged between (8.2 C° - 34.9 C°, 7.77 - 10.07 , 1.62 ms / cm - 56.67 ms / cm , 42.73 0% - 0.6 0% ,650 mg / l - 55713.33 mg / l,7.70 mg / l – 506.30 mg / l , 0.34 mg / l -16.34 mg / l. 91.66 mg CaCO3 / l -368.33 mg CaCO3 / l, and 7.98 NTU -433.67 NTU ) respectively . While for nutrients ranged Phosphate , Nitrite , and Nitrate values between (Nt μg PO4-3 -6.74μg PO4-3 / liter, Nt mg / l – 17.81 mg / l, and 0.19 mg / l -74.85 mg / l) respectively.

Seasonal variations of phytoplankton community and it's relationship with occurrence of zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) at Haditha reservoir.

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 236-245

Seasonal variations of phytoplankton community were studied at Haditha reservoir from 15/2/2002 to 18/3/2003 .Water samples were collected monthly to study the phytoplankton seasonally. 55 species of algae were identified at the location, including 32 species of diatoms (Bacillarophyta), 13 species of Chlorophyta, 7 species of Cyanophyta and two species of Euglenaphyta and one species of Pyrrophyta. The species (Scenedesmus quadricuda, Oscillatoria sp., Melosira granulata, Nitzschia palea and Navicula cryptocephala) were recorded throughout the study period at the location. Results showed there was a peak of phytoplankton density in autumn at the reservoir (278 x 103 cell/l). Also the results suggested that there was reduction (35 times) in the high annual density of phytoplankton in this study compared with other studies (carried out throughout 1993) at Haditha reservoir in the same area .
As a conclusion , there was a negative effect of zebra mussel on the density of phytoplankton .

Clinical Biochemical Study of Lycopene Effect on Atherosclerosis Patient

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 252-256

This study was under taken to investigate the biochemical changes in atherosclerosis patient, (25) was taken capsules of Lycopene extracted from Iraqi Tomatoes. capsules twice time daily for two week.This study include determination activity of Glutathione –S – Transferase (G.S.T) enzyme, total cholesterol, HDLc and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in blood compere with control persons, While the effect of Lycopene in vitro on (20) Patient cases were studied .This study showed decreasing in G.S.T activity, total cholesterol, MDA level and increased High- density –Lipoprotein (HDLc ) level.

Detection of chlorinated organic pesticides in mother milk and her healthy effects

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 257-263

Organo chlorinated pesticides are high danger on environmental agent and specially human health, so that the study of the contamination of mother's milk by organic chlorinated pesticides . detection of DDT , Dieldrin and Heptaochlor pesticides in 22 samples of mother's milk around Baghdad capital and analysis of extracted samples by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass (GC-mass) , the results of this study indicate that 6 samples contaminated with organic chlorinated pesticides which have effects on human body by cumulated in fatty tissues and carcinogenic agents.

Influence of application macerated black tea to soil on Mitotic Index on Mitotic division of Vigna radiata Seedlings radicles.

Magazine of Al-Kufa University for Biology, 2010, Volume 2, Issue 0, Pages 264-267

An Experimental was conducted to study the effect of application of macerated black tea on mitotic index of mitotic division on Vigna radiata radicles Seedlings,in Biology Department, College of Education (Ibn Al-Haitham), University of Baghdad on the growth season of (2009-2010),in pots with 3kg soil per.pot. The Soil was treated with 100 and 200 g /kg soil of black tea Results showed that increased of average of Mitotic index and harvest index Indeces in both concentratios, espically with 200 g /kg soil of tea.